As witnessed by ancient documents, the mid-twelfth century Benedictine abbey of "Sancta Maria plani Molearum" was located in the middle of a forest called "Santa", not far from the River Esino whose shore - covered with marsh herbs- was called by the locals “moja".
Many monks have lived here for over two or three centuries; in the middle of the fifteenth century it was completely abandoned and on 4th August 1600 it became the local parish. It was restored many times.
Take a gander inside S. Maria delle Moie, a Romanesque church consisting of two distinct parts: the church itself and the avant-corps, also known as western facade. Built with regular blocks of limestone, it is a church with nave and two aisles; the aisles are lower than the nave.
Maiolati stands on a hill 412 meters above sea level.
It dates back to the Midddle Ages, like the other castles of the middle valley of the River Esino.
In the thirteenth century Maiolati and Villa Talliano, situated in the middle of the hill that slopes into the River Esino, were two small villages located at a short distance from one another.
Thanks to its position, Maiolati became soon a castrum; it was part of the County of Jesi from the first decades of the thirteenth century until its dissolution in 1808. Like many other villas in Vallesina, Villa Talliano was built after the eleventh century as an extension of a curtis, that is a complex of dispersed landed properties. It belonged to the bishop of Jesi and was contended from Jesi in 1262 which then acquired all rights.
Not far away, take a gander inside the church of Saint Sisto of Talliano with the attached cloister.
The church and monastery were probably founded by the monks coming from St. Elena Abbey; in fact they both belonged to it in 1199.
In 1305 they both suffered severe damages because of the struggle between Jesi and the inhabitants of Fabriano.
The church of St. Sisto now standing in place of the monastery was probably rebuilt in the XVIII-XIX centuries. Visit the remains from Neolithic and Roman ages found in this area, more exactly in Massarella Street on the east side of Maiolati.
In the period from the seventh to the ninth century, the whole ridge was the border area between the Longobard Duchy of Spoleto and Camerino and the Byzantine Pentapolis. Many of the “loci dominus” have a Longobard origin and they were later put to the head of the fortified villages and castles.
Distance: km 15
Time advised: an hour and a half
From Piazza Kennedy (Kennedy Square) follow via Trieste (Trieste Street) for about a kilometre and after the third “stop” turn left towards the Vecchia Fornace (Old brick factory).
Take the gravel road alongside the fishing lake until you reach the tarmac road; then turn left and shortly after turn left again onto the white road that leads you back to town.
Turn right and join the S.S. 76; turn left and then right taking the road that leads to the motorway.
Having crossed the level-crossing and the bridge over the River Esino, proceed along the road for about 3 km; then turn left and climb up to Maiolati Spontini.
When you join the village, turn to the left for Colle Celeste.From here go back to the tree-lined avenue and turn right towards the descent.At the junction turn left and join the long descent called Boccolina.
Once crossed the bridge over the River Esino, turn right towards the Vecchio Rotone.
Then turn left and follow the road on the left crossing a small bridge. Go through the railway subway and join the S.S. 76 again. Turn left and you are easily back to Piazza Kennedy.