Gaspare Spontini was born on 4th November 1774 in Maiolati. He had three brothers and a sister, all designed for the clergy. He was taught the rudiments of music by the master Quintiliani from Monte San Vito and by other masters of Jesi, among which Don Nicholas Bonanni. He entered the Conservatory of “Pietà dei Turchini” in Naples while in Rome he composed his first important work Li puntigli delle donne (1796).
Some of his works were later represented in Rome, Florence, Naples and Venice.
In 1803 Spontini moved to Paris where he soon became famous.
La finta filosofa , La petite maison and Milton (1804) had great success and the Empress Josephine gave him the title of "Composer of the Chapel of Her Majesty the Empress and Queen "(1805). La Vestale was devoted to the Empress and was strongly appreciated by the Emperor Luigi Bonaparte as well.
Fernando Cortez was represented in 1809 and a year later Spontini became the Director of “Opéra Italien”.
On 3rd August 1811 he married Celeste Erard (1790-1878), his “sweet wife”. She was the daughter of a famous manufacturer of pianos and other musical instruments. They had no children.
His third major work Olympia (December 1819) was later modified and devoted to Frederick William III of Prussia who nominated the musician "First Kapellmeister and General Superintendent of the music of the King." Agnes of Hohenstaufen (1829)was Spontini’s last work which he modified in 1837 and dedicated to his wife Celeste. He came back to Maiolati in September 1850. He was already ill and died on 24th january 1851. He was buried in the church of San Giovanni inside the old people’s home while his wife Celeste was allowed to take his heart with her in Paris.
Located in the province of Ancona between the Esino and Musone rivers.
The remarkably well-preserved historic centre opens on two opposite points, Porta Venezia on the north side and Porta San Martino on the south side.
The Albornoz Tower (XIV century) still stands intact while some other towers have been transformed into houses.
Just at the entrance of the village, walking along the ancient streets and little squares, you can find the magnificent Leopardi Square bounded by two Romanesque churches: one of them is dedicated to the patron, Saint Egidio and the other to St. Francis (XIII century).
Palazzo Comunale is situated at the highest point of the hill in front of the old Palace of the Courts. From the typical hospital square you can reach the Wine Museum and the attached winery.
Don’t give up the pleasure of a tour through the town along the beautiful avenue of lime trees about 700 meters long which surround the walls.
This is a a natural balcony overlooking the Vallesina.
The “banghitti”, so called by the locals, provides one of the best views over the Esino, Misa and Musone vallleys to the Adriatic Sea even until the thin profile of the Croatian islands.
Coste is a fairly recent settlement in Staffolo which is having an important urban development; it is situated along the main road that leads to Jesi.
The countryside is rich in farmhouses, farms and ancient settlements such as San Francesco al Musone, the remains of Folonica and Castellaretta.
Most of the land is cultivated with Verdicchio, Montepulciano and Sangiovese grapes whose wines are the famous Verdicchio, Rosso Piceno and Rosso Esino.
Don’t miss to taste them together with the exquisite local products such as sheep’s milk cheese, extra virgin olive oil and honey.
Staffolo’s cottages, B & B, country houses grant you an inviting and relaxing atmosphere.
The particular care and respect of the countryside, the strong evaluation of the old centre and the renowned traditional cuisine have allowed Staffolo to be awarded the Green Flag for agriculture and the TCI Orange Flag.
The first evidence of human presence in Staffolo dates back to the Paleolithic. Near the hill of Follonica, remains from later periods were found, such as a bronze statue of “Marte in the assault” (Staffolo’ s warrior) dating from around the sixth century BC. Other finds, such as Latin funerary inscriptions, oil lamps etc..belonging to the Republican period have been found in the area called Cavalline and in the historic centre.
The first mention of Stafuli in official documents, however, was discovered in a deed dating back to 1078. The term refers to the Lombard staffil (border pole or border defensive fence) probably because the hill of Staffolo marked the boundary between the Byzantine dominions in Vallesina and the Duchy of Spoleto.
In 1219 Staffolo was under the rule of Osimo.
Around the middle of the thirteenth century, it was submitted to Jesi. In 1263, however, with Urban IV Staffolo passed under the dominion of the Holy Roman Church. In 1291-1293, thanks to the help of mercenaries from Ancona (“becchi fottuti” called by the locals), Jesi succeeded in conquering Staffolo again.
Finally, four years later, Rogerio, Pope Boniface VIII’s delegate, gave Staffolo the independence.
Climb the hill to visit the Convento dei minori francescani (1230)and the small church San Francesco al Musone. Not far from it, you’ll see a water source: a legend has it that in 1210 St. Francis of Assisi himself ordered the waters to gush out. The Franciscan monks where later considered heretic and therefore persecuted. In order to punish the landowners who had supported the heretical movements, Staffolo was destroyed, as reported by Matteo Villani in his Chronicle.
But thanks to Cardinal Egidio Albornoz, Staffolo knew a period of civil and economic growth and the walls of the castle and the circular tower on the west side were rebuilt as they were originally.
Staffolo was destroyed again in 1517 by the Gascon mercenaries paid by Francesco Maria della Rovere.
In the following centuries new activities and important handicraft enterprises have been created. Staffolo became famous for its iron cutlery industry and, undoubtedly, for the high quality of its pleasant wines.
In 1944, during the Second World War, Staffolo lived one of the most dramatic moments in its recent history. It was full of partisans and, therefore, persecuted by the Nazi terror. Many young partisans and ordinary citizens were killed. On June 29, 1944, during St. Peter and Paul’s feast, some German soldiers killed seven young prisoners and twenty-six innocent civilians.
Thanks to the arrival of the soldiers belonging to the Italian Liberation Corps, on July 19, 1944 Staffolo was finally free.
Staffolo has been the land of wine since ancient times.
According to a legend dating back to the seventeenth century, the name itself derives from the Greek word which means "bunch of grapes" and Staffilo, Ariadne and Theseus’ son, had founded this village.
The cultivation of Verdicchio is attested from 1569, when the botanist Costanzo Felici from the Marches first used this word.
Some municipal statutes witness the importance of wine production in the economy of this village and Staffolo’s wines had been sold in Rome since the end of the nineteenth century.
One of the most important wineries was Cantina Cantarini (since 1903) whose sign can still be seen in Piazza Sallustio, while the first wine factory was Angelo Procicchiani’s winery. His prestigious wines like sparkling wines and moscato wonthe golden Medal in 1923 at the expo in Rome called “Progresso Industriale” and in Paris at “Exposition Internationale de Progres Modern entre les Nations Alliées et Amies”.
Later Clemente Bartelucci and Giuseppe Fantone took over the winery and changed the trademark into Staphilus. Their wines became famous in England and in the United States as well.
In Staffolo you can find the ideal atmosphere to taste the utmost quality of its wines and to offer you much more than just the nectar of the gods.
Don’t forget to sample its typical sweets: “cavallucci” and “serpe”!
The “cavallucci” , so called for their shape resembling a little horse, are made of “sapa” (boiled must), nuts and candied fruit and are coated with alchermes and sugar.
The “serpe” is round and made of toasted almonds.
Distance: km 5
Time advised: 75 minutes to go up, 45 minutes to go down
Explore the wet route of the Black Crab on foot or on the saddle of a mountain bike, starting from the museum of Castelplanio and going downhill along Caciampa Street until the ditch.
You can also leave your car in the square in front of the Church in Macine-Castelplanio, also called Castelplanio Stazione and follow Via Copparoni until you reach the entrance of the route.
The path is flat at first, but after 2 km it climbs up to Castelplanio and ends near the Town Hall Square (Palazzo Mancini).
Along the route, you can admire the river-wood located in the border area between Castelplanio and Rosora.
The vegetation boasts rare tree species such as the white alder, the narcissus and the wild orchid and you can also find butterbur and pennywort.
Fonte del Coppo, dating back to the XVIII century, is the first water supply in Castelpanio and the quality of the ditch’s waters have been better since 1995.
This small river with waterfalls and small lakes is the ideal spot to enjoy a strict contact with a natural world of profound beauty. Be careful: avoid it after rain!